week 20 activity

President Trump issues Executive Orders, Memorandums, and other types of documents, to order actions that must be taken by heads of federal Departments. Compliance.ai tracks and summarizes all documents signed, including documents that directly or indirectly affect the financial services industry.

Compliance.ai provides the following data to enable proactive planning and response to regulatory changes.

Executive Orders published in first

6 months of Presidency

Visit our Presidential Actions Blog to read summaries of Presidential Actions issued by Trump in his first 100 days of presidency.

First 175 Days: Summary

In the first 175 days, or 25 weeks of presidency, Trump issued 79 Presidential Actions. The majority impacted immigration and homeland security, government operations, or manufacturing and trade.

Presidential Actions published by Topic, First 175 Days

First 100 Days: Summary

In his “100-Day Plan to Make America Great Again,” Donald Trump stated an intent to “cancel every unconstitutional executive action, memorandum and order issued by” Obama on his first day in office.

Trump signed a total of 98 presidential documents in his first 100 days as president, 56 of which ordered “actions” be taken (which excludes documents like proclamations of holidays, and some memos to federal agencies), according to the Executive Office of the President. Actions often include the establishment of committees and offices, requests for reports, and orders for the review, revocation, and replacement of current regulations. Nine of Trump’s presidential documents revoked Acts, Orders, or Memos signed by Obama, or reinstated orders revoked by Obama.

More than half (29, or 52%) of Trump’s Presidential Actions were signed during the first 10 days and final 10 days of presidency before Day 100.

Presidential Actions Signed by Trump: First 100 Days

Some Presidential Documents are required to be published to the Federal Register (Executive Orders and Proclamations), and the rest are optional. Of the 98 documents published to whitehouse.gov, 70 were published on the Federal Register. Trump published mostly Executive Orders (26) and Proclamations (25), some Memos (15), and fewer Notices (3) and Determinations (1) to the Federal Register.

The overall rate of publication to the Federal Register was higher for Trump (70) than Obama (62) and Bush (45) in the first 100 days of presidency.

Presidential Documents published to Federal Register: First 100 days

Presidential documents are often signed several days before they are published, and Executive Orders (EO) typically require more significant actions than others types of documents. Trump signed significantly more Executive Orders in the first 100 days of presidency, compared to his six most recent predecessors. Trump signed 32 EO, compared to Obama’s 19, G.W. Bush’s 11, Clinton’s 13, Bush’s 11, Reagan’s 17, and Carter’s 16.

Executive Orders Signed in First 100 Days

First 30 Days: Summary

Since 1945, an average of 7 Executive Orders have been signed per president in the first 30 days of their presidencies. The highest number of executive orders were signed by Obama (14), Truman (13), and Trump (12).

Executive Orders Signed: 30 Days into First Term

Trump has utilized another Presidential Action — Memorandums — at a higher rate than his predecessors. While Trump has issued 12 Memos, Obama issued 10, and George W. Bush did not issue any in the first 30 days of presidency.
Both Obama and Trump issued a total of 24 Executive Orders and Memos in their first 30 days in Office.

Memos & Executive Orders Issued: 30 Days into First Term

What are Presidential Actions?

“Presidential Actions” are communicated through the publication of “Presidential Documents.” There are a few types of Presidential Documents, including Executive Orders, Memorandums, Presidential Orders, Proclamations, Notices, and Determinations — and they may be referred to by other names as well. Essentially, these documents allow the President to forward policy goals, influence public behavior, or manage the operations of the executive branch. While the US Constitution does not define these documents, nor does it vest Presidents with authority to issue them, they are generally accepted as a significant vehicle of Presidential power.

Because every Executive Order is required to be published and available to the public (other Presidential Documents do not have this requirement), the most comprehensive data is available on this type of document. Executive Orders allow Presidents to manage executive branch operations — this may include establishing or modifying committees, adjusting the authority of agencies to implement or enforce policies, and planning national defense activities.

Every President has issued Executive Orders (with the exception of William H. Harrison, who served only one month), and the rate of publication has varied greatly over time. The first six Presidents averaged one or fewer Orders per year, while Franklin D. Roosevelt averaged over 300 orders per year.

Executive Orders: Average Published by President per Year in Office

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In addition to issuing new Executive Orders, Presidents have the ability to impact existing documents (published by their predecessors or by themselves) in a number of ways — they may maintain an order (“continue”), add or edit text (“amend”), replace the order (“supersede”), or cancel an order (“revoke”). These changes may impact all or part of an existing document.

Often, more than one President will impact a single policy through the use of Presidential Documents. For example, the “Mexico City Policy,” which impacts US funding to overseas family planning organizations, was published by Reagan in 1984, revoked by Bill Clinton in 1993, reinstated by George W. Bush in 2001, revoked by Barack Obama in 2009, and reinstated once again by Donald Trump on January 23.

One Executive Order may impact several previously-issued orders. For example, one Order issued by Obama in 2010, entitled “Recruiting and Hiring Students and Recent Graduates,” superseded an Order published in 1977, and revoked two Orders — one published in 2000, and one in 2003.

Presidential Actions issued by Obama

Trump has stated that his initial efforts in Office will focus on repealing actions issued by Obama. During his presidency, Obama issued 276 Executive Orders, at an average of 35 Executive Orders published per year. Some significant Presidential Documents issued by Obama include: orders on health care reform, education, climate change, and revised detention policies for detainees. He also issued Memos on employment opportunities, and student loan repayment.

In his final 30 days in Office, Obama published 39 Presidential Documents to the Federal Register. These documents included:

While many of Obama’s publications issued new orders, some documents impacted orders issued by his predecessors. During his eight years in Office, through 47 Executive Orders, Obama authorized a total of 91 actions to directly impact Orders published by his predecessors, including 28 continuances, 27 amendments, 7 super-sessions, and 29 revocations.

Obama’s Impact on Orders of Predecessors